Classical Arabic: The Writing System
Modern Written Arabic
Though there is considerable diversity of dialects in spoken Arabic, the written language is fairly standard with the differences falling into historical periods rather than geographical areas. The emphasis in the Modern Written Arabic course is on reading modern printed Arabic. However, before attempting this, it is necessary to learn the Arabic writing system and have reasonably accurate pronunciation. The course provides spoken exercises in Arabic and the printed transcriptions that are essential to achieving mastery of the material.